What is a census?
A survey that collects data from all members of a population.
Canadian Census of Population & Census of Agriculture - every 5 years
Civic Census ie Calgary - annually
What data is collected? Socioeconomic and demographic data at various geographic levels.
Information from Statistics Canada:
Information about the 2016 Census Release dates, response rates, geography products.
Census Dictionary Contains detailed definitions of Census of Population concepts, universes, variables, and geographic terms.
History of the Census of Canada
Digitized Census of Canada Documents:
Internet Archive search in Canadian Libraries
Censuses of Canada, 1665 - 1871
Tables on the social and economic conditions in Canada from the earliest settlements to 1871. Hosted by Queen's University Library.
Census Returns 1825 - 1916
Statistics Canada, search nominal indexes for 15 historical census years.
Ancestry.ca Census records 1825 - 1921
Information from the City of Calgary: Civic Census General Information
Libraries & Cultural Resources