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Bachelor of Health Sciences

Citing in the Health Sciences

From University of Calgary's Citation Help Guide: 

"Knowledge develops through recognition of previous work. As expressed by Isaac Newton, "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants" (BBC, 2009). 

Citing is the method of recognizing others' work, and it is an essential part of being a university student. Using proper citation allows instructors to see what scholars you have been reading, and it also gives you a voice in the scholarly discussion. 

If you write something amazing, you probably would want others to cite your work too!"

BBC (2009). Moving words: Sir Isaac Newton. Retrieved March 3, 2017 from

Resources on Citations and the Health Sciences: 

Citation Guides

The Style Guides, created by the Student Success Centre, provide an overview of each citation style and examples of how to properly cite different types of materials.

APA Style Guide (6th Ed.)

APA Style Guide (7th Ed.)

Typically used in Education, Communication, Business and Nursing

Chicago Style Guide Typically used in History
CSE Style Guide Typically used in the Sciences
IEEE Style Guide Typically used in Engineering

MLA Style Guide (8th Ed.)

MLA Style Guide (9th Ed.)

Typically used in English and Film

Vancouver Style Guide Typically used in Biomedical Sciences

APA - American Psychological Association

APA citation style is the most commonly used citation style of the Social Sciences. 

Vancouver or ICMJE Style

The Vancouver guidelines were developed as a result of a meeting of medical journal editors in Vancouver, BC. They became known as the Vancouver Group, and have since expanded into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Vancouver style is also known as the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals and is used by most biomedical journals and many scientific journals.




Mendeley is a free program that automates your citing process. 

For training and support check out our Guide.



Do you plan on a career in academia? Do you conduct large scale literature reviews? Consider a paid subscription to Endnote. Considered a robust and reliable product, Endnote can simplify the citing and writing process. 

For training and support, check out our Guide

During Covid-19 (until further notice), please contact the Medical Bookstore to reserve your copy, arrange for pickup and get our special discounted institutional rate: 403-220-6863

EndNote Desktop Tutorial Part 1

EndNote Desktop Tutorial Part 2