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Education - Research Approaches and Materials

For all education students - Introduction to how to find educational research, teaching materials and key Alberta Education resources

Citing your sources

When do you need to cite? 

The quick video below explains clearly when and how you need to cite.

APA (American Psychological Association ) Style

 Education and many Social Science disciplines use APA rules for how to cite works you reference in your paper. The rules are found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, now in its 6th edition. The full manual is not available online but there's a helpful online quick reference guide (particularly useful for citing electronic formats).

Tired of typing out your reference list?  Try the citation generator site below:

Cite this for me

Select the citation style you need. Tell it whether to search for a book or article, then copy and paste (or type in)  the title and select it from the results list.  It generates the citation and shows you the correct in-text reference. Use the 'copy and paste' feature to put your references into a Word document. DOUBLE CHECK that everything is correct though - especially that capitalization rules have been followed.

- Measuring characteristics of teacher professional development (article by Soine and Lumpe, 2014)
- Teachers learning: Professional development and education (book by McLaughlin, 2013)
- Getting the most out of school-based initial teacher education: Professional development possibilities for teachers (article by Carney, 2000)


Use a journal database to generate citations

Often there's button you can click to see what the citation for an article should look like. Copy and paste this BUT make sure you know what a correctly APA formatted citation looks like, so you can correct any errors in what you're copying.

This image shows where to find the citation button in ERIC and the resulting citation in APA format.


Citing Digital Multimedia - Including Images

The most important thing is that all sources must be attributed (cited) - even those you've created yourself. Learn more about citing digital materials using the links below.