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PPOL: Public Policy

General Guide on Researching Public Policy. Intended for individuals enrolled in the Master of Public Policy program at the University of Calgary's School of Public Policy.

Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs): Definition

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) defines an INGO or NGO as "any organization which is not established by inter-governmental agreement" (Resolution 288 (X) the 27th February 1950), "including organizations which accept members designated by government authorities, provided that such membership does not interfere with the free expression of views of the organizations" (Resolution 1296 (XLV) of 25th June 1968).

Examples of NGOs:

  • Associations
  • Institutes
  • Policy Centres
  • Think Tanks