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LAW Indigenous Peoples & the Law

This guide is intended to help researchers locate cases, legislation, commentary and databases on Indigenous Peoples and the Law.

Canada's Indian Treaties & Surrenders

Not all land is ceded territory in Canada. Canadian lands with agreements between the King, Queen, or Crown and Indigenous Peoples in Canada are called Indian Treaties, most of which are numbered (e.g., Treaty 7 represents the land where the city of Calgary is located and is an agreement to surrender signed September 22, 1877 involving the “Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan, Sarcee, Stony and other Indians” today known as the First Nations peoples of Bearspaw, Chiniki, Wesley, Blood Tribe, Piikani Nation, Siksika Nation, and Tsuut'ina Nation). These treaties are not found in the same sources as international treaties. 

Law & Legislation

Most legislation respecting Indigenous Peoples is historically rooted and relates to the land.

Finding Legislation

Selected Books on Treaties

The first item is organized with treaties by date. You will find the treaty you need by searching the index by the original English name of the tribe or nation.