MDCH630 - Designing Medical Education Research
Defining Your Scope and Developing Your Question
Question development is an important stage of the literature review planning process. If your question is too broad, you'll have more literature than you can handle. If it's too narrow, you may not find enough studies for inclusion in your review. Setting down your question also helps you to clarify concepts, define inclusion and exclusion criteria, and brainstorm key terms for your literature review.
There are several frameworks available for developing questions for literature reviews:
PICO - best for intervention-focused questions
SPICE - alternative way of framing research questions
Breaking a question down into concepts
|health profession* AND educat*|
|etc. - could include specific specialties, related professions|
Usually the concepts to be searched come from the P, I and C of PICO or the S, P, I and C of SPICE. Outcomes or study designs are important to map out in PICO or SPICE, but they are not usually used in the search; rather, they inform your inclusion and exclusion criteria.
- Last Updated: Sep 21, 2022 1:27 PM
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